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Notes on Major Compositions
listed by composer
~ R ~
- Rachmaninoff, Sergei Selected
At the middle of the 18th century, with the demise of Lully some 50 years
earlier, Rameau became the leading composer of French opera. Tuneful and
dramatic with extravagant stage production.
- Ravel A la Borodin or 'In the style of Borodin'
1913 part of the anthology of music in the style of other composers.
- Ravel, Maurice
- Reger, Max 'Variations and Fugue for Orchestra on a Theme by
- Respighi Ancient Airs and Dances
- Respighi Birds see: Gli uccelli
- Respighi Fountains of Rome
FP in Rome in February of 1917 under Arturo Toscanini. It was the
composer's first major triumph in a series of tone poems. Respighi sees
four fountains at a different time of day. The first section is a pastoral
sketch with shepherd calls on the oboe, tinkling bells and flowing themes
offer a serene mood. Then with a sudden blast of horns another fountain in
the full morning sun. The third is inspired by the statuary of the
fountain rather than the landscape. Trumpets announce Neptune's chariot
passing. The fourth is the fountain of the Villa Medici at sunset with
twittering birds passing peacefully into the silence of dusk.
- Respighi Gli uccelli 'The Birds' GLEE oo CHEL ee
Orchestral suite composed in 1927. Themes from early music for lute by
Pasquini, Gallot and Rameau and an unknown 17th century English composer.
Each movement has the name of a bird for the title. Evoking impressions of
The Dove, The Hen, The Nightingale and The Cuckoo. Set for a small
- Respighi Pines of Rome
FP at the Augusteo in Rome. Bernardino Molinari conducting the Augusteo
December 14, 1926. The work depicts children at play in the Villa Borghese,
sound of a plainsong at the entrance to a catacomb and then a nocturne about
pine trees of the Janiculum and finally dawn breaking on the Appian Way with
the marching of the counsular army as they approach the Capitol.
- Respighi Roman Festivals
This is the third of the Rome inspired tone poems of Respighi. Preceeded
by the Fountains in 1916 and the Pines in 1923. There are
four scenes depicted,
spaning Roman history, from the struggle of the Christians, to a Medieval
pilgrimage, Renaissance Merriment and Serenade (under the moonlight of the)
- Respighi 'Three Botticelli Pictures' or Trittico
Three Botticelli Pictures was composed in 1927. Inspired by three well known
Botecelli paintings in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy.
The three are 'La Primavera' (Spring); 'The Adoration of The Magi'; and
'The Birth of Venus'. Each piece is an arrangement of early music
collected by Respighi similar to his collection of Ancient Airs and Dances
- Reznicek, Emil Von Donna Diana Overture
(born in Vienna on May 4, 1860). His
popular opera Donna
NOT the story of a Canadian Mountie named "Preston", the overture
popularized in Reznicek's lifetime by radio serial Sgt Preston of
Territory. (Reznicek died in 1945). The comic opera, with libretto by
Julius Kapp, is based on a
comedy of the same name by Moreto y Cavana. The opera premiered on
December 16, 1894 by the Prague Opera. The story is set in Barcelona,
during Catalonia's independence. Don Cesar is in love with Donna Diana who
is indifferent to him. He uses the ruse of appearing cool to her and
finally arouses her interest and eventually her love.
(Sounds a bit like the Elixer of Love by Donizetti).
He wrote 11 operas.
- Riegger, Wallingford Study in Sonority.
- Rimsky-Korsakov, Nicolai
- Rochberg, George Sym No 2
RODRIGO, Joaquin (1901 - 1999)
He was blind from the age of three and lived through the entire 2oth century
composing for the guitar from a special braille composing machine. He was a professor of music at
the Madrid University.
- Rodrigo, J Concierto de Aranjuez
THEE-AIR toh day ah rahn KHWAYTH)
Premiered in 1937 when Rodrigo was 36 years old. It was very popular and
established him as a major contemporary composer.
- RODRIGO and The Classical Guitar
The instrument was introduced to Spain by the Moors of Northern Africa. They
occupied much of the area during the misddle ages. It was Antonio de Torres Jurado,
a 19th century guitar craftsman, who constructed the 6 string classical guitar.
Composer Francisco Tarrega developed the music to go with it.
Un Gentilehombre (OH'm bray, not AH'm bray)
"Fantasy for a Gentleman of the Court"
Composed in 1954.
Rodrigo's modern orchestration based on 17th century music by
Gaspar Sanz, a Spanish guitarist and
composer. The work is dedicated to guitarist Andres Segovia.
- Rodrigo Invocation and Dance
- Rorem, Ned Eagles
- Rossini, Gioacchino Barber of Seville
- Rossini Il
Signor Bruschino Opera
- Rossini La
Comedic Opera based on the Cinderella story. FP Rome 1817.
- Rossini La Gazza Ladra
- Rossini L'Italiana in Algeri
- Rossini La Scala di Seta
- Rossini Semiramide
The overture Rossini's Semiramide premiered in Venice in 1823. His last
opera for the Italian stage. It is based on Voltaires tragedy 'Semiramis'.
- Rossini William Tell
- Roussel, Albert Bacchus et Ariane
- Roussel, Albert 'Evocations'
Portraits of Hindu dieties and temples of Indochina. The Pink City and the
Cambodian ruins of Japor and a movement titled 'On the Banks of the Sacred
River' with chorus and three soloists singing music set to text by M. D.
Calvocoressi praising the beauty of nature.
Sym No 3
- Rubinstein PC No 4
in d minor.
It was often used in concert performances by Paderewski. It
was one of six concertos he played in New York during the week of his
American debut in November of 1891. And, according to Paderewski, it was
during his performance of this concerto that his popularity increased and
led to his legendary career.
Rachmaninoff played the concerto in Russia at the concert he considered
HIS official debut... and Rubinstein's most famous pupil, Josef Hoffman,
performed it throughout HIS career.
- Ruggles, Carl Men and Mountains
- Ruggles Portals